Sunday, January 25, 2015

Being "Ready" for a Winter Storm

Winter;
.. coldest season of the year, between autumn and spring; the name comes from an old Germanic word that means “time of water” and refers to the rain and snow of winter in middle and high latitudes. In the Northern Hemisphere it is commonly regarded as extending from the winter solstice (year’s shortest day), December 21 or 22, to the vernal equinox (day and night equal in length), March 20 or 21, and in the Southern Hemisphere from June 21 or 22 to September 22 or 23. The low temperatures associated with winter occur only in middle and high latitudes; in equatorial regions, temperatures are almost uniformly high throughout the year.  - per the Encyclopedia Britannica

Except for the unfortunate and deadly freezing rain event that caught many by surprise in the Philly area, Winter 2015 has not been that much of a challenge when compared to the deep snowfall we saw last year.  Being prepared makes a big difference between life and death situations.  The average person may not pay attention to the news to know what storm is headed our way, or have the proper basic gear in their car.  This could be a problem if you venture out into a big snowstorm and end up stranded on a major highway where you could be miles from a gas station or even an exit ramp to find water, medication, fuel or even food. Highway "Shut Downs' do occur more than we think.

Former PA governor Rendell had to investigate what happened on I78 during a snow storm that left many motorists stranded for days (back in 2007).  Please read this story by the NY Times: nytimes.com story I78

So this all being said I wanted readers to pay attention to the news, please do not take the weather reports for granted and do make sure your family and friends are safe this winter.

What can you do to be prepared for a winter storm?
Here is a Great list by the CDC   (original website here: Supply list by the CDC )

Winter Checklist:

Stock up on emergency supplies for communication, food, safety, heating, and vehicles in case a storm hits.

Communication Checklist
Make sure you have at least one of the following in case there is a power failure:
Cell phone, portable charger, and extra batteries.
Battery-powered radio, with extra batteries, for listening to local emergency instructions
National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) weather radio receiver for listening to National Weather Service broadcasts. Learn more about NOAA Weather Radio All Hazards.
Find out how your community warns the public about severe weather:
  • Siren
  • Radio
  • Television
  • Local public health and emergency management websites
  • Listen to emergency broadcasts.
  • Make a Family Communication Plan. Your family may not be together during an extreme winter event, so it is important to know how you will contact one another, how you will get back together, and what you will do during an emergency.
Be sure to check on older neighbors and family members; assist as necessary.
Know what winter storm warning terms mean:
Winter Weather Advisory: Expect winter weather condition (e.g., accumulation of snow, freezing rain, and sleet) that could cause severe inconvenience and life-threatening hazards.
Frost/Freeze Warning: Expect below-freezing temperatures.
Winter Storm Watch: Be alert; a storm is likely.
Winter Storm Warning: Take action; the storm is in or entering the area.
Blizzard Warning: Seek refuge immediately! Snow and strong winds, near-zero visibility, deep snow drifts, and life-threatening wind chill.
Other terms are available from NOAA.
  • Heating Checklist
Turning on the stove for heat is not safe; have at least one of the following heat sources in case the power goes out:
  • Extra blankets, sleeping bags, and warm winter coats
  • Fireplace with plenty of dry firewood or a gas log fireplace
  • Portable space heaters or kerosene heaters
  • Check with your local fire department to make sure that kerosene heaters are legal in your area.
  • Use electric space heaters with automatic shut-off switches and non-glowing elements.
  • Never place a space heater on top of furniture or near water.
  • Never leave children unattended near a space heater.
  • Keep heat sources at least 3 feet away from furniture and drapes.
  • Have the following safety equipment:
  • Chemical fire extinguisher
  • Smoke alarm in working order (Check prior to winter storm season and change batteries, if needed.)
  • Carbon monoxide detector (Check prior to winter storm season and change batteries, if needed.)
Never use an electric generator indoors, inside the garage, or near the air intake of your home because of the risk of carbon monoxide poisoning.
Do not use the generator or appliances if they are wet.
Do not store gasoline indoors where the fumes could ignite.
Use individual heavy-duty, outdoor-rated cords to plug in other appliances.

  •  Cooking and Lighting Checklist
Use battery-powered flashlights or lanterns.
Never use charcoal grills or portable gas camp stoves indoors. The fumes are deadly.
Avoid using candles as these can lead to house fires.
If you do use candles, never leave lit candles alone.
  • Food and Safety Checklist
Have a week’s worth of food and safety supplies. If you live far from other people, have more supplies on hand. Make sure you have the following supplies:

  • Drinking water
  • Canned/no-cook food (bread, crackers, dried fruits)
  • Non-electric can opener
  • Baby food and formula (if baby in the household)
  • Prescription drugs and other medicine
  • First-aid kit
  • Rock-salt to melt ice on walkways
  • Supply of cat litter or bag of sand to add traction on walkways
  • Flashlight and extra batteries
  • Battery-powered lamps or lanterns
  • (To prevent the risk of fire, avoid using candles.)
  • Water Checklist
Keep a water supply. Extreme cold can cause water pipes in your home to freeze and sometimes break.

Leave all water taps slightly open so they drip continuously.
Keep the indoor temperature warm.
Allow more heated air near pipes. Open kitchen cabinet doors under the kitchen sink.
If your pipes do freeze, do not thaw them with a torch. Thaw the pipes slowly with warm air from an electric hair dryer.
If you cannot thaw your pipes, or if the pipes have broken open, use bottled water or get water from a neighbor’s home.
Fill the bathtub or have bottled water on hand.
In an emergency, if no other water is available, snow can be melted for water. Bringing water to a rolling boil for one minute will kill most germs but won’t get rid of chemicals sometimes found in snow.
  • Car and Emergency Checklist
Is Your Vehicle Winter Ready? - A bird character near the back of a vehicle with a water bottle, flash light, ice scraper, jumper cables, cell phone, shovel, first aid kit, and blankets.Minimize travel, but if travel is necessary, keep the following in your vehicle:

  • Cell phone, portable charger, and extra batteries
  • Shovel
  • Windshield scraper
  • Battery-powered radio with extra batteries
  • Flashlight with extra batteries
  • Water
  • Snack food
  • Extra hats, coats, and mittens
  • Blankets
  • Chains or rope
  • Tire chains
  • Canned compressed air with sealant for emergency tire repair
  • Road salt and sand
  • Booster cables
  • Emergency flares
  • Bright colored flag or help signs
  • First aid kit
  • Tool kit
  • Road maps
  • Compass
  • Waterproof matches and a can to melt snow for water
  • Paper towels

You should check you local news source for storm updates.
For weather information you can check The National Weather Service

Be Prepared so that you can be safe..

Saturday, September 20, 2014

National Weather Service Open House


Today I attended the the Open House at the local National Weather Service office which serves most of the forecast area for eastern PA and NJ.  The event allowed the public to meet the staff and meteorologists that help us by issuing the weather warnings, that help keep us safe 24 hours a day.  I met the two Meteorologists there that taught the two Skywarn classes that I attended in the past.  I made sure I thanked them since I know they do not receive enough credit for their intensive and dedicated work that they do.  Ahead of me was a mother and son taking to Joe Miketta (one of the Meteorologists) and the question asked was; "what do you do to study and become a Meteorologist to work here?"  Joe's answer was interesting. He stated that he did not want to give an unrealistic picture of the job working at the NWS.  He stated that the meteorologists that work there do not make that much and at the same time did not want to discourage a young person to pursue a career however he was just being honest.  There appears to not be that many available jobs in the field which would mean that should be competition on open positions.  He also mentioned an internship program and made a few suggestions about sources for information for study.

I looked around the forecast office and saw multiple computer screens across a wide workstation area with large screens on the wall to help monitor live TV, radar and satellite images.  This was certainly the place I have wanted to visit.  Everyone I spoke to was eager to share information about their work which was a good educational experience. I hope they continue to offer these events in the future so that I can take my children since they have a presentation which shows the basics on forecasting the weather and how they monitor and issue watches an warnings for the forecast area that they are specifically responsible for.  If you want an educational family event to do next year, please keep this in mind.


  
Mt Holly WFO 9/20/14
 Here is the original website for the "Open House" where you can see more information and photos of past events:   http://www.weather.gov/phi/openhouse

A big "Thank you" to The National Weather Service office in Mt. Holly NJ for hosting this event.

Saturday, May 31, 2014

Are you Ready? Hurricane Season 2014


Hurricane Season starts June 1st and since we are just one day away you may have questions 
especially if you had witnessed and or had damage from Lee, Irene and Sandy, etc.   

What do the experts say about this season?  How many Hurricanes are being predicted for this year? 
I keep hearing about "El Niño", is that going to affect us and how? I learned last year that a storm does not have to be "Hurricane Force" to be dangerous. I don't live near the Ocean, therefore I have nothing to worry about.    What can I do to be prepared?

One of my early sources of weather information is Weather Underground (wunderground.com) and even though I normally refer to NOAA/NW/NHC, I like the way the blogs are written on this website.
Here is a basic summary from Dr. Jeff Master who regularly writes for wunderground.com

"All of the major seasonal hurricane forecasts are calling for a below-average to near-average season, with 9 - 12 named storms, 3 - 6 hurricanes, and 1 - 2 major hurricanes. 

How will the steering current pattern evolve? El Niño years tend to feature more storms that recurve out to sea and miss land; will this be the case in 2014?"

When I took my Meteorology Class last year, my professor stated that weather forecasts are not reliable beyond 5 or 6 days because of the mathematical computer models being used. . This to me makes sense however do not forget that Hurricane Sandy was predicted in advance.  The sad thing is that many people do not pay attention to the forecasts made by the experts. (for example the National Hurricane Center)

Just because a forecast is not perfect does not mean we should ignore it and have our guard down.
Try to watch your local news on a regular basis.  If you are not able to watch TV, read a newspaper or have a list of websites that you can check on a regular basis.  

Be prepared - Do not wait for the last minute. There were many stories of people in NJ and NY that could not find gasoline not just for their car, they needed it for their generator since many folks were without power for an extended period of time just after Hurricane Sandy struck the east coast. 

This is what President Obama said during Hurricane Sandy;
“In times like this, one of the things that Americans do is we pull together and we help out one another. And so, there may be elderly populations in your area. Check on your neighbor, check on your friend. Make sure that they are prepared. If we do, then we’re going to get through this storm just fine. But we’re going to have to make sure that we are vigilant for a couple of days.” 

FEMA started a volunteer group to pass on much needed educational material for being prepared.  Here is some information that may help you.

Real Solutions
Where do you stand when it comes to preparedness? Research shows that people are more prepared for
 a disaster if they:


  • Are aware of community alerts and warning systems;
  • Talk about their preparedness plan with family and others;
  • Attend trainings and meetings; and
  • Participate in a drill or exercise.


Increase Your Family ’s Protection
Based on the 2012 Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) National Survey, 54 percent of the
U.S. population does not believe their community will experience a natural disaster. Only 39 percent have
a plan they have discussed with their family members, and almost 50 percent do not have supplies set
aside in their home for use in a disaster. Unfortunately, a disaster will likely impact you at some point in
your life and when it does, you may only have seconds to respond. Your family, friends and community
are depending on you if a disaster happens. Are you ready to act?

Home Depot has Free workshops (one was today) Not happy about being in the dark during a storm?
Here is my story from last year on how Home Depot can help you be prepared with equipment and supplies
Home Depot Hurricane Workshop - How to be prepared

Do you, friends or your family think because you do not live near the Ocean that you are safe from a Hurricane.  You are absolutely wrong !  
Here is a great Hurricane Preparedness guide by FEMA (please ready this!)

Here is a good source for Hurricane Forecast Information:  wunderground hurricanes

The National Hurricane Center:  http://www.nhc.noaa.gov/
(The official Source)

Tuesday, May 20, 2014

Return of El Niño


    I was there when it happened in 1998.  I was living in  Ecuador at the time and I was witness to a significant flood that was directly influenced by this weather event called "El Niño". Much of Ecuador's coastal areas and its port city of Guayaquil will be affected again.

Here is a new video from NASA with their explanation of the potential impact this will have this year.

video by Science at NASA  http://science.nasa.gov/

Saturday, April 26, 2014

The Gravity of Writing




Back in November I wrote a story that was called "Cloud Streets".


  After posting a link to this story in various social network pages I was told by a Meteorology Instructor that the phenomenon that was captured in these pictures were not Horizontal Convective Rolls (Cloud Streets)  but where in fact (Atmospheric) Gravity Waves.  At first I was a bit disappointed, however I have used this opportunity to learn from this experience.  The instructor that found my error, works for a terrific online Meteorology institution called COMET and he patiently answered my questions regarding Gravity Waves.  I thanked the Instructor for pointing out my error and I wanted to post an update to the original story.

 Not only did I learn from this social/ educational networking experience, I found that the original story was not really the hook that brought in readers.  It was really the pictures themselves that brought in most of the attention.  I am a member of a local photography group and as I mentioned originally my buddy Mike helped by taking several pictures that were used for that story.  That trip was when our photography group hiked in a local park in Southeastern PA and because of a strong weather pattern we were able to get an unusual display of clouds in the sky.  At first there were the undulating clouds but as the sun started to set the horizon had a red and amber fiery hue through these complex structured clouds.


Months later we are now in April and in the middle of spring and once again we find these unusual looking clouds.  My girlfriend calls me the other day and while she is driving back to PA she is not able to take video but she sees these clouds.

Photo by Kari P.
 So of course I get this great tip and I run to get some pictures myself and here they are.

Gravity Waves from Horsham, PA

Atmospheric Gravity Waves

 I found out NASA has been studying Gravity Waves and determined that gravity waves  can compress a rotating thunderstorm and cause it to spin faster.  This effect can create tornadoes.  If you wish to read on about this, please click here : http://science1.nasa.gov/science-news/science-at-nasa/2008/19mar_grits/